ANZACs and Us
LI: Understand background information about ANZAC.
Most Anzac day services___began__ with a march of returned service personnel wearing __shiny_ medals, and marching behind banners and standards. The veterans __march_____ joined by other community groups, including members ___of_ the armed forces, the Red Cross, cadets etc.
The march continues _to__ the local war memorial, where a service takes place. This includes the laying of wreaths __from__various organisations and members of the public. Flowers have traditionally ___been____ laid on graves and memorials in memory of the __ _____passed______. Laurel and rosemary are often ___used______ in wreaths. Laurel __was____ used by the ancient Romans as a symbol of honour and was woven _into_____ a wreath to crown victors or the brave. Rosemary is used _for ____ remembrance. The wreaths are laid to honour the people __who__ have died fighting for New Zealand.
The poppy has become the symbol _of___ Anzac Day. The Flanders poppy as it is ___sometimes__ called grew in the trenches and craters of _the___ war zone in Belgium and at Gallipoli. These poppies __grew___ wild in the spring. The soldiers thought of the poppies as soldiers who had ___died____. The poppy was ___made___ famous by Colonel J.M. McCrae's poem _called______ in Flanders' Fields. Poppies are sold on the _days_____ before Anzac Day to raise money for the R.S.A. [Returned Services Association]
In most ceremonies of remembrance ___there___is a reading of a poem. This is often "The Ode to the Fallen" _by___ Laurence Binyon. It __was___ first published in the Times newspaper in 1914.
They shall not grow __old__ as we that are __left____ grow old.
Age shall not weary ____to_____, nor the years condemn.
At the going __off_____ of the sun and in the morning.
We ___will_____ remember them.
The last post ___of___ the trumpet call sounded in army barracks at 10pm ____at__ night to mark the end of the ____days____ activities. It is also ____played____ at military funerals and commemorative services to show _____that______ the soldier's day has drawn __to__ a final close.
This is usually followed by a period of silence for one _or___ two minutes as a sign of respect for those ___who__ have died. After observing the silence the ____flags__ are raised from half-mast to the masthead. The Rouse is _ther____ played. The Rouse called the soldier's spirits to arise and _awaken____ for another day.
The Reveille is played at _the___ dawn services instead of the Rouse. The Reveille is played only __at__ the first call in the __morning_________. It woke the soldiers _up_ at dawn.
Often hymns __are__ sung and speeches made. The important part of the ceremony is to _____remember_______ those who died.